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Vargant - How to use Vagrant


What is Vargant

Vagrant is a tool for building complete development environments.

Where do you search Box Files?

Vagrant Cloud



  1. Install VirtualBox

Vagrant Configuration

Change the download location of the box file

Default down load location is C:\Users\user01\.vagrant.d\boxes\.

If you want to change the download destination of the box file, set the environment variable VAGRANT_HOME.

Environment variable :  VAGRANT_HOME
value                : P:\vm_img\.vagrant.d


How to check Vagrant Version

PS C:\Users\user01> vagrant -v
Vagrant 2.1.2

Box Commands

vagrant box add BOXNAME BOXFILE Download a Box File to local host
vagrant box remove BOXFILE delete box file
vagrant box list List BOX
vagrant init box Create Vagrantfile
vagrant package
vagrant package --base NAME
Create Box Files. (
vagrant box add IMPORT-NAME
vagrant box add CentOS-6.6-minimal-ja
Import box a file

VM Commands

vagrant up start VM from Vagrantfile
vagrant reload restart VM
vagrant status List VM with start
vagrant global-status List all VM status
vagrant halt stop VM
vagrant destroy delete VM initialized state
vagrant ssh login with ssh (If you using Linux or Mac OS)

How to use vagrant

Download box and Start Up VM

> mkdir centos
> cd centos
centos> vagrant init centos/7
  • Created Vagrantfile in your directory.
centos> notepad Vagrantfile
centos> vagrant up

If the specified Box is not registered, it will be automatically downloaded and added to the Box (vagrant box add)
Download to C:\Users\user01\.vagrant.d\boxes\

centos> vagrant status
  • Copied VMDK files to C:\Users\user01\VirtualBox VMs\

How to Login GestOS

centos> vagrant ssh
  • root password is 'vagrant'.
  • vagrant user's password is 'vagrant'.

Holt VM

centos> vagrant status
centos> vagrant halt
centos> vagrant status

Delete VM

centos> vagrant status
centos> vagrant destroy
centos> vagrant status

Delete Boxs

centos> vagrant box list
centos> vagrant box remove centos/7

Configuration of Vagrantfile

Sample1 : Adoptor1:NAT, Adoptor2: Bridge

  • public_network = Bridge Network
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "centos/7"

  #Adaptor2 :Bridged network with DHCP "public_network"

  config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |v|
    v.memory = 512
    v.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--cpus", "2"]

end "public_network", ip: ""

Sample2 : Adoptor1:NAT, Adoptor2: Host Only

  • Default Network is NAT
  • private_network is host only network
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "centos/7"

  #Adaptor2 :host only network "private_network", type: "dhcp"

  config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |v|
    v.memory = 512
    v.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--cpus", "2"]


Sample3 : Adoptor1:NAT with portfoward

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "centos/7"

  #Adaptor1 : NAT with portforward "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080 "forwarded_port", guest: 22, host: 10022

  config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |v|
    v.memory = 512
    v.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--cpus", "2"]



Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "shell", inline: "echo Hello"

  config.vm.define "web" do |web| = "apache"

  config.vm.define "db" do |db| = "mysql"
Vagrant.configure(2) do |config| = "xxxxx"

  config.vm.define :test1 do |cfg|
    cfg.vm.hostname = "test1" "private_network", ip: "", virtualbox__intnet: "intnet"

  config.vm.define :test2 do |cfg|
    cfg.vm.hostname = "test2" "private_network", ip: "", virtualbox__intnet: "intnet"



  # Share an additional folder to the guest VM. The first argument is
  # the path on the host to the actual folder. The second argument is
  # the path on the guest to mount the folder. And the optional third
  # argument is a set of non-required options.
   config.vm.synced_folder "./data", "/vagrant_data"

How to Create box file

# ln -s -f /dev/null /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules
# exit
centos]$ vagrant halt
centos]$ vagrant package


Import my box file

~]$ mkdir centos7a
~]$ cd centos7a
centos7a]$ vagrant box add centos7a
centos7a]$ vagrant box list
centos7a]$ vagrant init centos7a
centos7a]$ vagrant up
centos7a]$ vagrant ssh


Authentication failure. Retrying...

# vargrant up

    default: Warning: Authentication failure. Retrying...

Check Permission

/home/vagrant    700 or 755 or 711
/home/vagrant/ssh    700
/home/vagrant/ssh/authorized_keys  600    

PC Software

software/vargant/index.html.txt ยท Last modified: 2019/05/03 by admin

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