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Operating system (OS)

OS Index

What is Operating system

Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The operating system is a component of the system software in a computer system.
Application programs usually require an operating system to function.


Linux

RPM-based

Server Memo
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
(RHEL)
http://www.redhat.com/ Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Fedora https://getfedora.org/ Fedora (operating system)
http://spins.fedoraproject.org/
Fedora has a reputation for focusing on innovation, integrating new technologies early on.
Linus Torvalds, founder of the Linux kernel, uses Fedora on all of his computers.
CentOS http://www.centos.org/ CentOS
CentOS Linux is a community-supported distribution derived from sources freely provided to the public by Red Hat for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).
SUSE Linux https://www.suse.com/products/server/ SUSE
Oracle Linux http://www.oracle.com/us/technologies/linux/overview/index.html
UEK (Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel) : UEK is a Kernel for Oracle Linux Kernel.
Amazon Linux http://aws.amazon.com/amazon-linux-ami/
Amazon has their own Linux distribution based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux and later linux-xen-kernel.
Turbolinux Turbolinux
Turbolinux is a Japanese Linux distribution targeting Asian users.

Debian-based

Server Memo
Debian http://www.debian.org/ Debian
Ubuntu http://www.ubuntu.com/ Ubuntu (operating system)
Linux Mint http://linuxmint.com/ Linux Mint
Linux Mint is a 32- and 64-bit Linux distribution for desktop computers, based on either Ubuntu or Debian.
Zorin OS http://www.zorin-os.com/
a Linux OS fork from Ubuntu with Gnome 2 traditional Microsoft Windows imitation desktop (base versions free, some commercial)

Container OS

Server Memo
CoreOS https://coreos.com/
CoreOS
CentOS Atomic Host
Snappy Ubuntu Core

Live CD/USB

Server Memo
GParted Live http://gparted.sourceforge.net/
the default account is “user”, with password “live”.

ETC

Server Memo
Android-x86 http://www.android-x86.org/
Alpine Linux http://www.alpinelinux.org/
Alpine Linux is a security-oriented, lightweight Linux distribution based on musl libc and busybox.


Not Linux

Proprietary

Server Memo
Windows Microsoft Windows
HP-UX http://www.hp.com/go/hpux/ HP-UX
HP-UX is long term supports and low vulnerability.
AIX IBM AIX

Non-proprietary

Server Memo
OpenSolaris OpenSolaris
FreeBSD FreeBSD
ReactOS https://reactos.org/ ReactOS
Imagine running your favorite Windows applications and drivers in an open-source environment you can trust. That's ReactOS.


Hypervisor

Hypervisor

VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) VMware vSphereR Hypervisor is a free bare-metal hypervisor
Maximum vCPUs per virtual machine: eight
Limitation of 32GB RAM limit per server/host has been removed from the free Hypervisor.
Microsoft Hyper-V
Citrix XenServer


References




os/index.html.txt · Last modified: 2017/05/15 by admin